Monday, August 4
DENVER (AP) — A popular Denver gay bar discriminated against a man when a bouncer denied him entry last year because he was dressed in drag, Colorado regulators said in a decision that could become more common as anti-discrimination laws increasingly include gender identity.
The civil rights division of the state's Department of Regulatory Agencies ordered the Denver Wrangler to resolve the dispute with Vito Marzano, a 27-year-old gay man who was wearing a dress, makeup and a wig when he went to the bar on Aug. 31, 2013.
A bouncer said he turned Marzano away because his appearance didn't match his driver's license, and he was following a policy designed to thwart underage drinkers from entering the club. But regulators determined the bar illegally discriminates against effeminate men because its dress code bars high heels, wigs, "appearance-altering makeup" and strong perfume, according to the ruling issued last month and obtained Monday.
"In other words, a female with a masculine gender presentation would be permitted to enter, whereas, a male presenting as a female would be denied entry," civil rights division Director Steven Chavez wrote in the determination. He said the Wrangler wrongly favors bisexual and gay men who embrace a hypermasculine image and shun interaction gay men who "exhibit effeminacy."
A bar employee who answered the phone wouldn't comment. General Manager Phil Newland told regulators that the dress code was implemented for safety reasons and he finds strong perfume offensive. As for Marzano, the Wrangler denied him entry because he was aggressive and drunk, Newland said.
Kenneth Upton, senior counsel for Lambda Legal, which pursues litigation on LGBT issues nationwide, said the case could signal a growing trend.
"Now that gender is starting to be respected in a wider variety of ways under non-discrimination ordinances, you're going to see more of these cases, and they're confusing," Upton said.
Businesses will have to strike a difficult balance between catering to a niche market as part of a business strategy and making sure they don't break laws against discrimination, he said.
Marzano, who led a boycott against the bar, which included a Facebook group with 241 members, said he hopes the decision will protect others.
Gay people "face enough hatred and discrimination from the outside world," he said. "We do not need it from our own."